Sofia Province
Communist History

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Our most recommended Sofia Province Communist History

Sofia: Communist Walking Tour

1. Sofia: Communist Walking Tour

Discover the main landmarks of communist history in the city of Sofia. Start your tour by passing by the former headquarters of the Bulgarian Communist Party. Continue on to see buildings such as the secret police investigation facility and the destroyed mausoleum. Head on towards the monument of the Soviet army and the National Palace of Culture. During the 3-hour-long walking tour, learn about the theory of communism and what Marxism-Leninism is. Find out about the history of communism in Bulgaria, the pros and cons of the period, and the relation between the communist government and religion, industry, economy, culture and everyday life of the people. End the tour with a fresh perspective on the city and a new insight into the country's communist past. 

Sofia: Small Group Walking Tour

2. Sofia: Small Group Walking Tour

Journey through almost 10,000 years of history on a guided walking tour of Sofia, and learn how the city sits on land that has been settled over the centuries by Thracians, Romans, Huns and more. Marvel at its well-preserved monuments and outstanding sights, such as the East Gate of the Serdika ruins from Roman times. Walk through the underpass connecting the Presidential Palace and Ministerial Council to encounter shops selling traditional souvenirs and rosewater. Experience the city's laid-back charm as you explore streets scattered with mosques and impressive onion-domed churches.

Sofia: 2-Hour Communist Jeep Tour

3. Sofia: 2-Hour Communist Jeep Tour

The Sofia Communist Tour will take you back to Bulgaria under totalitarian rule. See most of the remaining Communist sights in the city on-board a classic Eastern Bloc vehicle.  Start with pickup collected from your hotel by your driver. Learn plenty of interesting information about the places you will be visiting as well as intriguing and fun facts about life under the Communist regime.  Cruise through town making short stops en route, where you will be able to step down and take photos of the most impressive sights. Your driver will also stop upon request at other places of interest. 

Secrets, Facts, and Legends of Sofia: Full Day Tour

4. Secrets, Facts, and Legends of Sofia: Full Day Tour

At 9:00 AM you will be picked from your hotel/accommodation by your guide. After a short drive, you will reach Vitosha Mountain. Your destination is a meteorological tower, from which area you will have the chance to see the whole city from above. Your guide will give you a good overview of Sofia, its history and geography. Your next stop will be one of the most interesting and significant locations in Sofia – complex called “The Bells”. It is related to a Bulgarian initiative, which has started in 1979, called “The Flag of Peace”, gathering children from 135 countries, from both sides of “The Iron Curtain”. Each group had to put the unique bell from its country in this complex. After this experience, we will drive back to Sofia city center where you will start your walking tour. First stop is the National Archaeological Museum with its astonishing cultural treasures. On the way you will see the oldest building in Sofia – the Roman early Christian church St. George, dated in 4th-century. After the museum, you can have lunch in a restaurant situated in the same building, which was a Medieval mosque and enjoy the archaeological remains next to your table. Your next destination is the market area of Sofia, famous with the name “Ladies Market” where you will learn a lot for the epoch of the late 19th and early 20th century. You will pass next to a Synagogue, situated almost in front of an active mosque and Catholic Church, giving the name of the square – “The Square of tolerance. After you visit the Sofia History Museum you will walk by the Communist administrative center, St. Sofia church, Sofia University, and Alexander Nevski cathedral, where your tour ends. You can ask you guide some final question and if you need they can give you a ride back to your hotel, if it is far from the center.

Sofia: The Communist Times Exploration Game

5. Sofia: The Communist Times Exploration Game

Solve challenges, and as the story unfolds, be led to the next location using directions sent to a cell phone. Download the game into a cell phone and begin exploring. Begin the game at the St. Nedelya Cathedral Church, and end at the Temple of Bulgarian Martyrs. The entire game is designed to take around 1.5-2 hours to complete, but exploring off the game's route is allowed and encourage, and the game can be returned to anytime. Play alone, in a large group, or compete with other groups and meet at the final stop of the game.

Sofia: Full-Day Tour

6. Sofia: Full-Day Tour

Start the tour with the only UNESCO World Heritage monument in the vicinity of Sofia, Boyana Church. Small in size and only takes 30 minutes to visit, but its frescoes have made an enormous contribution to the world history of art. Then, you will visit the National History Museum, which will guide you through 14 centuries of a long history of Bulgaria. By this time, your hunger for knowledge and a local delicious meal will be strong enough for a visit to a little secret restaurant, established in 1927, where you will continue with pleasure and chat about the topics you are interested in - Communism Soviet era, Turkish occupation, participation of Bulgaria in World War 1 and 2 and many more. In the afternoon, park your vehicle up from Alexander Nevski Square for a visit of the largest church on the Balkans, followed by an underground tour of St. Sofia Church catacombs from Byzantine time. Continue with a stroll to the Russian Church, the National Theater and its garden, the Rotunda St. George (round church), the Roman remains and finish your walk by the Mosque Bania Bashi, where you will enter in the Museum of History of Sofia, the Hall's Market and the thermal springs nearby.

Sofia: 2-Hour Historical Tour with Soviet Jeep

7. Sofia: 2-Hour Historical Tour with Soviet Jeep

After hotel pick up, hop into an authentic Soviet jeep, with an open roof for the summer and a hard roof and windows for the winter period. Then, drive around the city center of Sofia to discover the best places of interest, and learn about the history behind them. Hear about the history of Sofia and Bulgaria from Ancient times through to Communism, until modern days. Listen to your guide as he shares private stories about life behind the Iron Curtain. Make the most of stops to take photos of the most impressive sights. After cruising through the city center, head to the suburbs to see the typical communist-era neighborhood and a bell's monument, built in a park outside the city. Finally, head back downtown to see the remaining points of interest included in the tour before being dropped off at your hotel.

Sofia: Communist History Walking Tour

8. Sofia: Communist History Walking Tour

Discover the communist remnants of Sofia city center on a walking tour with an English-speaking guide. Benefit from their expertise about the communist era and its architecture. See the imposing Monument to the Soviet Army at Borissova Garden, and then ride a trolley bus with the locals to experience a relic from olden times. Arrive at the impressive National Palace of Culture, the largest congress hall in the Balkans. Discover a piece of the Berlin Wall, which fell just one day before the radical changes that occurred in Bulgaria in 1989. Walk down Vitosha boulevard to reach the former headquarters of the Communist Party. See the upmarket Central Department Store (TZUM), where the elite would shop. Continue to the site of the former Georgi Dimitrov Mausoleum on Prince Alexander of Battenberg Square. End at the antiques market outside Alexander Nevsky Cathedral and pick up some communist relics.

Sofia: Communist History Walking Tour

9. Sofia: Communist History Walking Tour

For many people, it is interesting to learn about life in a communist country. Since Bulgaria was under the Soviet Sphere of influence from 1944 to 1989, it was ruled by a communist regime during this period. On this tour, you will have the chance to learn how this regime came to power. Discover what was life was like and the impact on different aspects including family, work (economy), religion, and traveling. Learn about the consequences after the collapse of Communism. Explore the central area of Sofia to see some of the monuments and buildings related to the regime and learn the stories behind them. 

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What people are saying about Sofia Province

A must do in Sofia ! Philip is an amazing guide and a great person, he even dropped us at the airport as our flight was just after the tour! We learned so much, not only about Sofia and Bulgaria during the Soviet era but also got a great introduction on Bulgaria’s history and culture. Thanks !

A very interesting and enjoyable tour. I loved being transported in a Soviet era jeep. The Bell monument is off the beaten track but worth seeing. Philip is a great guide.

I found it very informative and interesting. Learnt a lot of new things. Not to be missed. Guide was very helpful and open to questions

Our guide was very professional and a great storyteller, very interesting and recommended!

Amazing guide! Had the best time learning a rich history on this walk through the city.