Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau
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5 historical facts about Auschwitz-Birkenau

With the world distracted by war, the Nazis brutally reshaped the demographics of Europe in the south of Poland. The harrowing truth wasn't revealed until far too late, but here are a few of the many things you'll learn on your tour of Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau – or Auschwitz II – was used as a death camp from 1942, primarily for Jews. Auschwitz I had already been holding Polish political prisoners for two years.

It wasn't all run by the state

There was a third camp too. Monowitz – or Auschwitz III – was set up to provide slave labor for IG Farben. The Allies dissolved the chemical company the war.

1.1 million were killed

90% were Jews, but thousands of Poles, Romani, Soviets, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals also died at Auschwitz. As did prisoners from other nationalities.

The world had no idea

Not even most Germans knew what was happening at the camps. Arrivals were met with the slogan "Work sets you free." In hindsight it's hard to say how convincing that actually was.

The camp commander went into hiding

Disguised as a farmer in Gottrupel, Rudolf Höss evaded capture for a year after the war. In spite of his expressed remorsed, he was hung outside the camp's crematorium in 1947.

Our insider tips

What are the opening times?

The Auschwitz-Birkenau museum is open daily from 8am except for January 1st, December 25th, and Easter Sunday. It closes at 3pm from December to February, 4pm in March and November, 5pm in April and October, 6pm in May and September, and 7pm from June to August. The site can be accessed for free but it is advisable to take a tour. If you decide to do so, book your tickets in advance. The best ones fill up very quickly!

How to get there from Krakow?

The easiest way is simply to book an all-in-one tour that leaves from the city. Alternatively, inexpensive buses frequently leave from the basement floor of Krakow's main bus station. You can also take a train to the nearby town of Oświęcim.

When to visit?

Krakow is a wonderful city with a great deal of attraction to please tourists. Though Auschwitz may be an essential part of your trip, it can be emotionally overwhelming. We recommend that you leave it till last.

Good to know

  • When should I visit?
    8:00 AM - 3:00 PM December through February
    8:00 AM - 4:00 PM March, November
    8:00 AM - 5:00 PM April, October
    8:00 AM - 6:00 PM May, September
    8:00 AM - 7:00 PM June, July, August
  • Is it expensive?
    Basic entrance is free, but it is highly recommended take a tour which will have a cost depending on which one you choose.
  • Will I need a guide?
    It's not required but highly recommended. Best to book in advance online!
  • How to get there
    There are direct buses from Krakow. Alternatively, take the train to Oświęcim and then hop on local bus to the site.
  • Additional information
    Not recommended for children under 14.

What people are saying about Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau

It would be good to go there once in our life

Starting from the pick up point everything was good, the driver Francesco is hight qualified to support everyone and to give all right explanations for giving us the right feeling

Auschwitz-Birkenau: Guided Tour from Krakow Reviewed by Maurizio, 05/19/2018

tragic part of history but a must so we dont ever forget

We were fortunate to have a small group of 5 and a guide who spoke very good English who let us take our time on the tour and ask as many questions as we felt we were able to. very informative about what happened to the Jews in the camps and books we can purchase to learn more

Well done tour - on time, good transport, great driver;

Overall well worth it to drive to Auschwitz in a smaller vehicle. The driver was conversational and knowledgable which made it more intimate and fun. And everything was done on time and as scheduled. Other tours could not accomodate my last minute ticket request - but this company could!

Very informative tour at reasonable price

We were to be picked up from our hotel at 9.20, however when we went into the office the day before we were told to walk to the main Road. We were there from 9am. At 9.25 I received a call from the office to say that the driver was in fact waiting outside our hotel. We were there in two minutes and were met with the driver who said he had been at the hotel for 20 minutes which was rubbish as he hadn’t passed us. My sister sat in the front with him, he never introduced himself or talked to my sister all the way to auschwitz. After Auschwitz we near,y got on the wrong mini coach, but the guide asked who our driver was we explained we didn’t know as he hadn’t introduced himself, turned out we explained what he looked like and his name was David!!

Auschwitz-Birkenau: Guided Tour from Krakow Reviewed by Joyce, 05/10/2018

everything as promised, we were well looked after

something everyone should see and the tour guide at the camps was amazing the amount of knowledge was incredible. The tour people kept everything to time and made sure everything ran smoothly would recommend and have done

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