6. Mystic Orvieto&the dying city of "Civita di Bagnoregio"
The tour depart from Civitavecchia port, it is shared where your English-speaking driver will drive north-east direction. After about 45 min's drive, you will stop at the picturesque town of Civita di Bagnoregio also called "the dying city". Connected to the rest of the world by a three hundred meter bridge, Civita di Bagnoregio is a charming village which will make you feel you are visiting a world that no longer exists. Made up of old houses, narrow streets and surrounded by beautiful landscapes, walk through this magnificently unique setting. The Romanesque Arch at the entrance to Civita was built by the Etruscans 2,500 years ago and all that remains of the Renaissance Palace is the facade, the rest collapsed into the canyon. Visit the largest Piazza: the site of donkey races on the first Sunday of June and the second Sunday of September. In the evening, the piazza is the place to be, as what’s left of the town socializes there. Visit Maria’s Garden, follow the main road to the far side of town to see a lovely garden with canyon views.
After the experience to Civita di Bagnoregio you will drive for another 20 minutes through the Umbrian countryside until arrive to Orvieto. It sits on a volcanic plateau. Its rich history began with the Etruscans and includes periods of Roman rule, barbarian invaders, and medieval battles with the papacy for its independence it has also been used as a papal refuge during the famous sack of Rome! In addition to being known for its high-quality food and wine, the town boasts an incredible Gothic cathedral with frescoes “Last Judgement” to rival Michelangelo’s in the Sistine Chapel, a labyrinth of cient underground tunnels, and a fine art gallery. Only on the private option you will visit Orvieto underground and St. Patrick's Well, built by Pope Clement the seventh during the sack of Rome in 1527 to guarantee a supply of water to its citizens in case of calamity or to survive prolonged sieges. Only during the nineteenth century took the current name "Pozzo di San Patrizio" to symbolize the spiritual path of the human soul. The legend told that a Irish priest was the guardian of the cave- the well precisely - from which the faithful could be convinced of the atrocity of the pains of hell. It was designed by "Antonio da Sangallo il giovane". The well, circular section, is 62 meters deep and 13 meters wide. Around the barrel spiral turn two spiral staircases in such a way as to run overlapping each other without ever crossing. In this way the helical system of steps allowed animals to carry water drawn from the bottom of the cavity and not to hinder the path of those who went up to the surface. 248 are the steps for each climb