Baku Culture & history

Our most recommended Baku Culture & history

From Baku: Full-Day Guided Tour of Gobustan and Absheron

1. From Baku: Full-Day Guided Tour of Gobustan and Absheron

Following a morning pickup from your accommodation in Baku, head in direction of Gobustan. Make a stop to visit an industrialized oil well close to the Bibi-Heybat Mosque. The journey continues to the Gobustan Museum of Petroglyphs, an indoor and outdoor museum located approximately 70 kilometers from Baku. Marvel at prehistoric rock drawings and petroglyphs which were carved by primitive men on walls of caves and on rocks, reflecting the culture, economy, and world outlook of the ancient Azeri people. Then, head to the coastal area of Azerbaijan, home to 400 mud volcanoes. Stop for lunch at a local restaurant savoring delicious Azerbaijani dishes. After lunch, visit the ancient Zoroastrian Ateshgah Temple, a former holy place for fire-worshippers. Round off the day with a visit to Yanardag, a natural gas fire that blazes continuously on a hillside on the Absheron Peninsula.

Baku Panoramic Night Tour

2. Baku Panoramic Night Tour

Enjoy a night tour of Baku with a private driver. Your personal guide will help you design the perfect itinerary of Baku's attractions and offer you insider tips on where to go and what to see in the capital. Visit the main attractions, and request stops to snap photos, grab a souvenir, or take a stroll around your favorite spots. You can go to Highland Park for panoramic views of Baku Bay from the highest point of the city. Drive to Flame Towers, a trio of skyscrapers - the Towers represent flames and construction of this impressive building complex was completed in 2012. During your night tour of Baki, you can also choose to visit Government House, the State Philharmonic Hall, the Mugam Center, or the Carpet Museum. You can admire the Heydar Aliyev Center, designed by architect Zaha Hadid. Take a night stroll along Baku Boulevard, which runs parallel to Baku’s seafront, before you return to your hotel.

From Baku: Gobustan, Mud Volcanoes & Mosque Private Tour

3. From Baku: Gobustan, Mud Volcanoes & Mosque Private Tour

Visit the Gobustan Museum of Petroglyphs, about 70 kilometers from Baku, to see prehistoric rock drawings, or petroglyphs. On this 5-hour tour you’ll see one of the largest collections in Gobustan, at the Baku State Reserve of History, Ethnography, and Arts. The most significant are the petroglyphs carved by primitive men on walls of caves and on rocks, reflecting the culture, economy, and world outlook of the ancient Azeri people. Continue to the Bibi-Heybat Mosque. The existing structure is a modern recreation of the mosque built in the 13th century and destroyed by the Bolsheviks in 1936. The mosque is today the spiritual center for the region’s Muslims.

Baku: Burning Mountain & Zorastrian Temple Private Tour

4. Baku: Burning Mountain & Zorastrian Temple Private Tour

You will picked up and then head towards the Ateshgah Temple of fire-worshippers. The complex is located in the Apsheron Peninsula on the outskirts of Surakhani village 30 kilometers from the center of Baku and was revered in different times by Zoroastrians, Hindus, and Sikhs. This territory is known for such unique natural phenomenon as burning natural gas outlets (underground gas coming onto the surface and lighting up in contact with oxygen). Alexandre Dumas, during one of his visits to the area, described a similar fire he saw in the region inside one of the Zoroastrian fire temples built around it. Only a handful of fire mountains exist today in the world, and most are located in Azerbaijan. The temple in its present state was constructed in the 17th to 18th centuries. It was built by the Baku-based Hindu community related to Sikhs. Your second stop will be Yanardag (burning mountain). It is one of the most famous and popular tourist locations of the 'eternal flame' in Azerbaijan, the mountain of Yanar Dag. Actually, it is rather more a hill than a mountain with natural gas burning on its slope from ancient times. Meter long tongues of fire lick the stratified earth approximately for 10 meters in width, searing those who approached too close. People occupy the benches to watch the blazing hill in the evening, when its sight is most effective. Yanar Dag is located 25 kilometers to the north from Baku. Your last stop will be Yashil Bazaar (or Green Market). This is the traditional bazaar full of fresh vegetables, fruits and greens just from the regions. The prices for all of these products are quite affordable. That's why locals also prefer to do shopping in this bazaar. And of course, don't forget to bargain - you can save a little money.

Baku: Historic and Modern Baku Tour

5. Baku: Historic and Modern Baku Tour

This spectacular tour is made up of three parts and will first show you examples of medieval architecture in Baku from the 12th century, followed by more recent architectural developments. The excursion will begin by the entrance gates to Gosha Gala Gapisi in the Old City. The Old City is a UNESCO world-heritage listed site and is almost an open-air museum with many sights to see. After that, you will get to see some of the 19th and 20th-Century buildings in the city, which are mainly linked to the oil boom and the history of the Russian Empire. The final part of the tour discusses the Soviet occupation of Azerbaijan and life in Baku today. All the key parts in the old city are covered during the Baku tour, such as the Maiden Tower, Juma Mosque, and Shirvansah's Palace, along with a Funicular ticket.

From Baku: Gobustan Day Tour

6. From Baku: Gobustan Day Tour

Get picked up from your hotel in Baku and head out for a day of exploration at Gobustan, an open-air museum featuring more than 6,000 rock paintings and petroglyphs. Visit an archaeological site first discovered in the 1930s that is still being excavated today.  When you arrive at Gobustan National Park you will understand why the place is named for the Azerbaijani word for narrows and ravines. Admire the craggy rock faces that recede into dramatic fissures. Learn how a prehistoric civilization thrived here, producing the thousands of rock paintings the area is known for as well as a number of ancient dwellings and more than 100,000 artifacts. See the difference between the oldest drawings dating back 20,000 years and the newest ones from the first century AD. Earlier imagines depict the hunt for mountain goats and ritual dancing with spears while images from the later period show battle scenes, collective labor, harvesting, and women by the hearth. Check out other significant images showing boats with oarsmen, which prove that the early occupants of the area were sailors. Locate the Latin inscription discovered at the foot of Mount Boyuk-dash, which testifies to the presence of Roman legions near Baku. Visit the park's 3D Bio Museum to immerse yourself in the history of this incredible site. Learn about other similar archaeological sites around the world and visit the 3D cinema for an immersive educational experience. Take your time wandering through the museum’s permanent exhibition, which includes 12 rooms displaying and highlighting the significance of the Gobustan petroglyphs. After you've steeped yourself in culture and traditions of prehistoric Gobustan, check out the numerous mud volcanoes in the park. With approximately 350 of the 800 existing mud volcanoes in the world, Azerbaijan takes first place as the site to see these unique geological formations. See the high concentration of active mud volcanoes in the Dashgil Group situated to the east of the Gobustan museum. Head back to Baku after a day of mind-blowing discovery.

Private Tour to Shemakhi & Lahij From Baku

7. Private Tour to Shemakhi & Lahij From Baku

You will depart from your hotel in Baku in the early morning. On the way, you will visit the Diri Baba Mausoleum in Maraza. Continue on to Shamakha and see the historical Juma Mosque, Yeddi Gumbez Mausoleum, and the Shirvan Shah's family graveyard. Afterwards, drive through the Girdimanchay River Canyon to visit Lahij, a 5th Century village rich in its historic and architectural values. Lahij is an ancient village with charming eye-catching sidewalks inlaid with stones. It is famous for its medieval water supply and sewage systems, as well as traditional jewellery, copperware, carpets, pottery, daggers, and iron tools workshops.

  • Guided tours
  • Private tours
  • Adventures
  • Multi-day trips
10 activities found
Sort by:

Frequently asked questions about Baku

What top attractions are a must-see in Baku?

What are the best indoor activities in Baku for rainy days?

What are the best inexpensive tours in Baku?

What are the most popular museums and exhibitions in Baku?

Other Sightseeing Options in Baku

Want to discover all there is to do in Baku? Click here for a full list.

What people are saying about Baku

Overall rating

4.4 / 5

based on 46 reviews

The mud volcanos are very interesting and the views are beatiful to take pictures. The petroglyphs are a must see to those interested in history. The mosque is unique. all these visits became even better because of Ramin, our guide. He is the best. Thanks to him we enjoyed the tour very much.

This was an interesting tour around Old City Baku and Highland Park. Would definitely recommend. If you choose the evening tour (ours started at 7pm), the museums will be closed so just be aware of that.

We liked this trip very much. We had a great guide Tural. He told us a lot of interesting infomation.

Very interesting tour in comfortable van. Ramin is a great guide!

Highly recommend. Awesome company and this tour is breathtaking.